2.1 – Perpetual Direct Democracy, PDD, is an ongoing political system where legislation is decided by referendum by all citizens with equal power of one vote per person.

The sooner a significant number of us, the citizens, realize our right to legislate our own laws, and to establish them into a “Citizens’ Constitution”, the sooner a more egalitarian distribution of goods and services we will have, a more sustainable harvesting of resources we will manage, and a more peaceful world we will live in.

2.2 – The most popular tool of democracy up to now has been the right to protest the disconnect between governments and its citizens. Citizens, all over the world, have been protesting far too long. Although protests generate some degree of publicity, solidarity, and personal satisfaction, protests are seldom successful. Frustratingly, public protests are often ignored, politely heard, or at worst, violently squashed by repressive governments. Michael Nagler in his book, “In Search for a Nonviolent Future” says: “The tail of protesting wrongs would never wag the dog of building a society.”

2.3 – The essencial factors of why PDD matters now are that the time has come when we are technologically and intellectually ready to go beyond protesting. We are ready to take the next step towards developing an ongoing, participatory governance, or Perpetual direct democracy, PDD.

2.4 – Unprecedented internet technology enables us to be abundantly informed about relevant social issues. Now polling with the latest computer technology, as never before in history, has made it easy for us to participate in instant plebiscites, tabulate public opinion, and potentially legislate the people’s agenda within a new Citizens’ Constitution, as expanded on chapter 9.

2.5 – Additional to technological advances, we have learned from history, and experienced in our life time how legislative power concentrated in the hands of monarchs, dictators, or a few politicians has inherently corrupted in the past, and potentially will continue to corrupt in the future. Also, Unnecessarily empowered representatives, become increasingly vulnerable to being co-opted, or coerced by economic interests. For this reason, political decision-making-power should not be concentrated on the hands of just a few selected representatives, but it should be decentralized and left in the hands of all citizens.
Baron Acton (1834 – 1902)
“Power corrupts;
absolute power corrupts absolutely”.
2.6 – The current Representative Democracy, inherited from the hierarchical tradition of parliamentary monarchies, has served its time, but in spite of the technological advances and political maturity of the citizens, democracy has stagnated technologically and is no longer politically correct. Democracy today can and should be expanded to include all citizens sharing equal political power of one person, one vote on all significant political decisions.

2.7 – The present electoral tradition of granting a term of office is flawed mainly because it is too easy for many of us to be fooled by propaganda, during the relatively short period of elections, leaving us to suffer the consequence of often wrong decision for several years. Adopting PDD would make it more difficult for all of us to be mislead, by a few for-profit propagandists and lobbyists.


“You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time“.

Abraham Lincoln 1809 – 1865 16th U.S. president

2.8 – Countries which seriously want social change, like, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Iceland, start the change by rewiriting their constitution.

Thomas Jefferson, (1743-1826) draftsman of the Declaration of Independence and Founding Father of the United States, said that the constitution should be rewritten every 19 years.

We do not need to literally restrict constitutional changes to the term of 19 years, but we can figuratively interprete it as our perpetual responsibility of amending our constitution as often as needed, so each generation should define for itself how it should be governed.

2.9 – In summary, If we are ready to take full responsibility of our political choices, now is the time. We are living in an age when the best communications technology can enable us to adopt PDD. We can now legislate our own rules for an egalitarian distribution of our commonwealth; we can legislate and practice the most environmentally sustainable laws; and we can transform our War Economy into Peace Economy.

When a multitude of us are willing and able to make political decisions through a PDD system, we will effectively change and optimize our social system.

We can potentially develop the best possible standard of living, that ever existed, for all humanity.

If not here in the Pacific Coast of Canada, where?
If not now 2013, when?

Shakyamuni Buddha
in the Here and Now

We have reviewed the different types of democracy and why it is the downing of direct democracy. let us now review some historical plebiscites and referendums, as possible precursors of PDD.